L&T implemented a watershed project at Pappampatti in
Coimbatore district of Tamil Nadu state, using a holistic
systems approach to its natural resource management
strategy. The strategy helped the programme achieve
multiple benefits in a truly integrated manner.
Many farmers in Coimbatore district had started
abandoning their farm lands, and taking up other trades.
Agriculture had become unviable as the area carries a
high risk of drought, and its natural resources were fast
declining. To reverse this dangerous trend, L&T instituted
a participatory watershed programme along with the
Pappampatti panchayat. The objective was to create a
positive impact on the area’s natural resources, livelihoods
and the environment.
As a part of the project, L&T constructed water
harvesting and groundwater recharging structures. The
watersheds, along with interventions, helped retain
rainwater effectively, and were later utilised diligently.
The farmers in the watershed villages were trained
in lean farming techniques, helping them achieve
higher productivity with lesser input costs. After many
knowledge empowerment sessions by professionals,
farmers started preparing organic manure. This manure
has the potential to improve immunity of plants, against
pests and diseases. Empowered with better knowledge
on spraying organic and chemical formulations, farmers
started practicing inter-cropping patterns, which involves
planting crops with vegetables, leguminous fodder and
The natural resource management activities helped
improve groundwater availability. The interventions
included water harvesting and curbing soil erosion. This
helped improve cropping intensity, and diversified the
use of land systems into areas like livestock management,
horticulture, and vegetable cultivation. The number
of income generating activities increased due to allied
Overall, the watershed programme helped curtail
land degradation, enhance agricultural productivity,
and saved farmers from moving away from their land. It
stalled intense labour migration, and improved the quality
CSR-ICD project - Farm intervention
Creating a difference in farmers’ lives
Ms. Sarojini of Chinnakalangal village of Pappampatti
watershed is grateful to L&T. Her lands had been lying
barren for a decade, before they were brought into
cultivation. L&T’s interventions used chisel and disc
ploughing, and trench cum field bund formation. She is
now confident of cultivating a second crop in her fields,
thanks to water retention.
Mr. Rangasamy increased his cropping area due to
a substantial rise of water level of his borewells. He
diversified his pattern of cultivation to include vegetable
production. He feels very motivated through methodical
interventions, rendered by L&T.
L&T’s watershed programmes brought Mr. Eswaran of
Peedampalli village in Pappampatti back to farming.
He had left his farms barren earlier as agriculture had
become difficult. He started cultivating Drumstick
(Moringa) in his fields which were adjacent to a channel
renovated by L&T. Farming had become profitable for
him, once again.
Mr. Ayyasamy of Kalangal village wound up the flooding
method of irrigation he was practicing earlier, to use drip
irrigation after L&T’s intervention.